Word: Plaintiff / Appellant
Meaning: A person who brings a case against another (defendant) in a court of law. A plaintiff is a party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as action) before a court and by doing so the plaintiff seeks a legal remedy if successful then the court will issue a judgement in favour of the plaintiff and will give an appropriate court order (eg. order for damages). In English speaking jurisdictions the term plaintiff is used in civil cases, the notable exception being England and Wales where a plaintiff is called a claimant and in the criminal cases the prosecutor brings the case against the accused but the key complaining party is often called as the complainant.