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Meaning: The practice or custom of having more than one wife at the same time. Indian Penal Code 1860 prohibits polygamy and prescribes punishment under section 494 and Section 495. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 prohibits the marriage of a Hindu who has a living spouse, polygamous Hindu marriage is null and void. Polygamy is illegal in India for all its citizens except for the Hindus in Goa where it is legal and for Muslims who are permitted to have four wives at the same time.